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Schubert. Trios No. 1 & 2 for Piano, Violin and Violoncello: E. Istomin, A. Schneider, P. Casals & M. Horszowski, A. Schneider, P. Casals
28.09.2013, 02:52

Eugene George Istomin (November 26, 1925 – October 10, 2003) was an American pianist.

Istomin was born in New York City of Russian-Jewish parents. He was famous for his work in the piano trio, with Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose, known as the Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio, with whom he made many recordings, and particularly of music by Beethoven, Brahms and Schubert. He also played with them in orchestral music, with conductors such as Eugene Ormandy, Bruno Walter and also as a soloist.

His earliest public performances were from age 6 with his mother, and at 12 he entered the Curtis Institute. He studied under Rudolf Serkin and also Mieczysław Horszowski.


In 1943 he won the Leventritt award, and also the Philadelphia Youth Award. He made his debuts with the Philadelphia Orchestra with Eugene Ormandy, playing a concerto by Chopin, and the New York Philharmonic conducted by Artur Rodziński playing Brahms' Piano Concerto No. 2 in the same week in 1943.

He commissioned and premiered Roger Sessions' piano concerto in 1956. Several other composers, including Henri Dutilleux and Ned Rorem, wrote music for him.

He won a Grammy Award in 1970 with the trio, for their recordings of Beethoven.

He recorded extensively for Columbia (later Sony Classical) solo works and chamber music.


He married Marta Montañez Martinez (Marta Casals Istomin), the widow of Pablo Casals, on February 15, 1975. She is a former president of the Manhattan School of Music and former artistic director of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. He moved to Washington in 1980.

In the 1980s and 1990s he gave recital tours in which he toured 30 American cities with his own pianos and piano tuner.

He received the French Légion d'honneur in 2001.

He died of liver cancer in 2003 at his home in Washington.


Alexander Schneider (October 21, 1908 – February 2, 1993) was a violinist, conductor, and educator. Born in Vilna, Lithuania, he later moved to the United States as a member of the Budapest Quartet.

Alexander (Sasha) was born Abram Sznejder. At 13 Abram almost died of tetanus after cutting his knee in an accident. The tetanus distorted his joints and recovery was long and painful. Sascha left Vilna in 1924 and joined his brother Mischa Schneider in Frankfurt, after securing a scholarship to study violin with Adolf Rebner, the principal violin tutor at the Hoch Conservatory.


In 1927, Alexander became leader (concertmaster) of an orchestra in Saarbrücken. It was at this point that he changed his name. The orchestra director wanted him as leader but wanted a German-sounding name. Abram took Schneider as a surname because his brother Mischa had already selected it. Alexander appealed to him as a first name. In 1929 he was appointed leader of the Norddeutscher Rundfunk Orchestra in Hamburg. In 1932, he lost this job as a result of the ongoing Nazi campaign against Jews - soon the time would come to leave Germany.


At this time, the Budapest Quartet, whose cellist was Sasha's brother Mischa, lost their first violinist. Although the quartet had not yet left Germany, they spent a lot of time out of the country, were self-exployed, and the Nazis had not yet caught up with them. For Sasha to join them was an ideal arrangement all round. Their existing second violinist, Josef Roismann, switched to first and Sasha joined as second. This was because Roismann was already comfortable with the other players whereas Sasha would need time to learn their repertoire and style.


In 1934 the Nazis made threats to the quartet and they left Berlin for Paris the next day, never to return to Germany again - even on tour. When war broke out in 1939 they happened to be on tour in the United States. They all obtained permission to stay and from then on made it their base.


Later on, Schneider felt the need to develop himself as an independent musician so he left the quartet in 1944, full of energy and ideas. He was offered a conductorship of the Metropolitan Opera, and leadership of the Pro Arte and Paganini Quartets but turned them down. He toured with Ralph Kirkpatrick and he formed the Albeneri Trio with Benar Heifetz and Erich Itor Kahn.


He studied with Casals in Prades. There he persuaded Casals to participate in a festival in 1949 to honour the two hundredth anniversary of Bach’s death. At the occasion he recorded Bach's Complete Sonatas and Partitas for Unaccompanied Violin (BWV 1001-1006) for Mercury Records. He supported Casals in further Bach festivals at Prades and Perpignan. Later he would conduct Casals' oratorio The Manger (El Pessebre) in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, during the Festival Casals de México, recording it in 1973 in Puerto Rico.

Also in 1949 he formed a string quartet to perform and record all eighty-three of Haydn’s quartets. This was not completed because its sponsor, the Haydn Society, ran out of funds.


Schneider was a very sociable man with a wide circle of friends. He worked hard to promote chamber music with free or subsidised concerts.


In 1956 the quartet persuaded Schneider to rejoin them. They had tried two other second violinists (Ortenberg and Gorodetzky), neither of them able to reach Schneider's high standards, and Roismann had refused to continue with anyone else. Schneider had remained in close contact with the quartet and he stood in for Ortenberg or Gorodetzky when they were ill. Now it was agreed the quartet would operate part-time with Schneider and he would continue his independent career. They finally disbanded in 1967.


Schneider was the Artistic Director of the Schneider Concerts at The New School (New York City), from 1957 until his death. Under the auspices of the New School, Schneider and his manager, Frank Salomon, founded the "New York String Orchestra", a year-end seminar-performance for young string musicians, in 1969.

In addition to the Budapest Quartet, he played with a number of other chamber groups, among them his own string group, and the Brandenburg Ensemble.

He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1988.


О Пабло Казальсе см.



Mieczysław Horszowski (June 23, 1892 – May 22, 1993) was a Polish pianist who had the longest career in the history of the performing arts.

Horszowski was born in Lwów (Lemberg), Austria-Hungary, (now Ukraine) and was initially taught by his mother, a pupil of Karol Mikuli (himself a pupil of Frédéric Chopin). He became a pupil of Theodor Leschetizky in Vienna at the age of seven; Leschetizky had studied with Beethoven's pupil Carl Czerny.


In 1901 he gave a performance of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 1 in Warsaw and soon after toured EuropeAmericas as a child prodigy. In 1905 the young Horszowski played to Gabriel Fauré and met Camille Saint-Saëns in Nice. In 1911 Horszowski put his performing career on hold in order to devote himself to literature, philosophy and art history in Paris.


Horszowski, who was barely five feet tall, had rather small hands. Thus, he avoided much of the virtuoso repertoire (one possible reason he never attained the "superstar" status of Horowitz or Rubinstein). Horszowski's performances were known for their natural, unforced quality, balancing intellect and emotion. He was frequently praised for his tonal quality, as was common for pupils of Leschetizky.

Having returned to the concert stage with the encouragement of Pablo Casals, he settled in Milan after the First World War, remaining there until he settled to the United States during World War II. Following the war, Horszowski frequently gave recitals with artists such as Casals, Alexander Schneider, Joseph Szigeti and the Budapest Quartet. He often appeared at the Prades Festival and the Marlboro Festival. Horszowski performed with the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Toscanini, with whom he was friends, in 1943 and 1953. From 1940 he lived in New York City. In 1957 Horszowski gave a memorable cycle of Beethoven's entire solo works in New York, and in 1960 of Mozart's piano sonatas. His very diverse and extensive repertoire also embraced such composers as Honegger, d'Indy, Martinů, Stravinsky, Szymanowski and Villa-Lobos. In 1979, on a restored Cristofori pianoforte, the pianist recorded the music of Lodovico Giustini, which were commissioned by Cristofori and are the first known compositions written specifically for the pianoforte.


Horszowski twice performed at the White House: with Casals and Schneider in 1961 and a solo performance in 1979.

Horszowski was widely recorded, and can be heard on the HMV, Columbia, RCA, Deutsche Grammophon, Nonesuch, and other labels. He also taught at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, counting among his pupils Richard Goode, Anton Kuerti, Murray Perahia, Peter Serkin, Steven De Groote, Kathryn Selby and Eugene Pridonoff.


In 1981, the 89-year-old Horszowski married Bice Costa, an Italian pianist. Bice later edited Horszowski's memoirs and a volume of his mother's correspondence about Horszowski's early years. She also discovered and recorded some songs composed by Horszowski on French texts ca. 1913-1914.

While Horszowski's family was of Jewish origin (which made him a fugitive from Europe in the 1930s), he was himself an early convert to Roman Catholicism, and a very devout one. As the French critic André Tubeuf has written (in his notes to the EMI re-issue of Horszowski's 1930s-era recordings of the Beethoven cello sonatas with Pablo Casals), "Horszowski was both very Jewish and very Catholic, in both cases as only a Pole could have been."


Horszowski's final performance took place in Philadelphia in October 1991. He died in that city one month before his 101st birthday. He had given his final lesson the week prior to his death.



F. Schubert.


Trio No. 1 for Piano, Violin and Violoncello in B Flat Major, D. 898:


1. Allegro moderato

2. Andante un poco mosso

3. Scherzo. Allegro

4. Rondo. Allegro vivace


Eugene Istomin, piano

Alexander Schneider, violin

Pablo Casals, violoncello

Rec. June 1952, Prades



Trio No. 2 for Piano, Violin and Violoncello in E Flat Major, D. 929:


1. Allegro

2. Andante con moto

3. Scherzando. Allegro moderato

4. Allegro moderato


Mieczyslaw Horszowski, piano

Alexander Schneider, violin

Pablo Casals, violoncello

Rec. June 1952, Prades

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Категория: Аудио | Добавил: skass2007 | Теги: Casals, Scheider, Istomin, Schubert, Horszowski
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