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Hans Knappertsbusch conducts Johannes Brahms. ALL RECORDS from 1942 to 1963
03.08.2014, 18:53

Hans Knappertsbusch

(12 March 1888 – 25 October 1965)

Knappertsbusch was born in Elberfeld, today's Wuppertal. He studied philosophy at Bonn University and conducting at the Cologne Conservatory with Fritz Steinbach. For a few summers, he assisted Siegfried Wagner and Hans Richter at Bayreuth. He began his career with conducting jobs in Elberfeld (1913-1918), Leipzig (1918-1919) and Dessau (1919-1922). When Bruno Walter left Munich for New York, Knappertsbusch succeeded him as General Music Director of the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian State Opera, with a life-long contract. Knappertsbusch later refused to join the Nazi party. He incurred the wrath of Goebbels by asking a German diplomat in the Netherlands whether he was a "Muss-Nazi" (someone who was forced to join the Nazi Party for career reasons): as a result his Munich contract was revoked. Hitler himself was involved in the decision to dismiss him.  In 1936 Sir Thomas Beecham invited him to Covent Garden to conduct but his permit to leave Germany was withheld. In the late 1930s he went to Vienna to conduct at the Wiener Staatsoper, thus ignoring the Nazis' policy of not allowing German artists to work in Austria. At the same time he became one of the emerging artists of the Salzburg Festival. Knappertsbusch continued to appear in Vienna and Salzburg during the German occupation of Austria. When World War II ended, Knappertsbusch returned to Munich, but continued to guest conduct in Vienna, as well as to make appearances at the Bayreuth Festival. He was one of the favorite conductors of the Wiener Philharmoniker, leading the orchestra in Vienna, Salzburg and on tour abroad, although generally he rarely toured outside the German-speaking world. He disliked long rehearsals, and was sometimes accused of laziness. He was known for conducting very slowly, emphasizing beauty and dignity over liveliness. Knappertsbusch died in Munich in 1965. Many of his recordings, including his historic Decca recordings in stereo, have been re-released on CD. Decca went to Bayreuth in 1951 to record only Parsifal, but with the approval of Wieland Wagner and Knappertsbusch himself, Decca also as an experiment recorded a Ring cycle. The Decca Recording Producer was disappointed with Siegfried and Walküre. However, he liked Götterdämmerung and edited up a version of it but Decca did not release it. His 1951 and 1962 recordings of Parsifal are generally considered definitive of that work. His recorded performances of the same piece from 1954, 1955, 1956, 1963, and 1964 are also available.

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Johannes Brahms

Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

05.1957

Alto Rhapsody, Op. 53

Lucretia West, mezzo-soprano

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

05.1957

Concerto for Piano no. 2, Op. 83

Clifford Curzon, piano

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

21-24.10.1957

Concerto for Violin & Cello, Op. 102

Fritz Sonnleitner, violin

Fritz Kiskalt, cello

Munich Philharmonic Orchestra

06.01.1959

Symphony No. 2, Op. 73

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

26.03.1944

Orchestre de la Suisse Romande

06.1947

Munich Philharmonic Orchestra

13.10.1956

Munich Philharmonic Orchestra

18.10.1956

Dresden Staatskapelle
full dress rehearsal

27.11.1959

Dresden Staatskapelle

27.11.1959

Symphony No. 3, Op. 90

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

1942

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

08.09.1944

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

05 or 06.11.1950

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

26.07.1955

Staatskapelle Dresden

04.11.1956

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

09.11.1958

Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra

14.05.1962

Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra

15.11.1963

Symphony No. 4, Op. 98

Bremen Philharmonic Orchestra

12.12.1952

Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra

08.05.1953

Tragic Overture, Op. 81

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

26.07.1955

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

05.1957

Variations on a Theme by Haydn, Op. 56a

Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

05.1957

Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra

10.05.1963

Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra

15.11.1963

Hans Knappertsbusch

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Категория: Аудио | Добавил: Павел | Теги: Brahms, Knappertsbusch
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