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Fritz Reiner conducts George Frideric Handel "Messiah" (1957, Live) & Antonio Vivaldi "Le quattro stagioni" (1962, Broadcast)
31.12.2013, 01:09

Frederick Martin "Fritz” Reiner

(December 19, 1888 - November 15, 1963)

Reiner was born in Budapest, Hungary to a secular Jewish family that resided in the Pest area of the city. After preliminary studies in law at his father’s urging, Reiner pursued the study of piano, piano pedagogy, and composition at the Franz Liszt Academy. During his last two years there his piano teacher was the young Béla Bartók. After early engagements at opera houses in Budapest and Dresden where he worked closely with Richard Strauss, he moved to the United States of America in 1922 to take the post of Principal Conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. He remained until 1931, having become a naturalized citizen in 1928, then began to teach at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where his pupils included Leonard Bernstein and Lukas Foss. He conducted the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra from 1938 to 1948 and made a few recordings with them for Columbia Records, then spent several years at the Metropolitan Opera, where he conducted a historic production of Strauss's Salome in 1949, with the Bulgarian soprano Ljuba Welitsch in the title role, and the American premiere of Igor Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress in 1951. He also conducted and made a recording of the famous 1952 Metropolitan Opera production of Bizet's Carmen, starring Rise Stevens. The production was telecast on closed circuit television that year. At the time of his death he was preparing the Met's new production of Wagner’s Götterdämmerung. In 1947, Reiner appeared on camera in the film Carnegie Hall, in which he conducted the New York Philharmonic Orchestra as they accompanied violinist Jascha Heifetz in an abbreviated version of the first movement of Tchaikovsky's violin concerto. Years later, Heifetz and Reiner recorded the full Tchaikovsky concerto for RCA Victor in Chicago. Even though his music-making had been American-focused since his arrival in Cincinnati, Reiner became active in Europe after the Second World War. When he became music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 1953 he had a completely international reputation. By common consent, the ten years that he spent in Chicago mark the pinnacle of his career, and are best-remembered today through the many landmark, stereophonic recordings he made in Chicago's Orchestra Hall for RCA Victor from 1954 to 1962. His last concerts in Chicago were in the spring of 1963.

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George Frideric Handel

Messiah, HWV 56
(excerpts)

Part I & Part II: Hallelujah

David Lloyd, tenor

Donald Gramm, bass-baritone

Russell Oberlin, countertenor

Adele Addison, soprano

Apollo Musical Club

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

26.12.1957

Antonio Vivaldi

Le quattro stagioni
(excerpts)

Primavera & Inverno

Sidney Harth, violinist

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

11.02.1962

Fritz Reiner

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Выражаю благодарность неизвестному блогеру, у которого я "сто лет тому назад" взял этот чудесный материал.

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Категория: Аудио | Добавил: Павел | Теги: Handel, Reiner, Vivaldi
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