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Albert Sammons plays, Hamilton Harty conducts Bruch: Violin Concerto No. 1 in G Minor, op. 26 (1925 Acoustic Recording)
18.09.2009, 02:10


Albert Edward Sammons (23 February 1886 - 24 August 1957) was an English violinist. Apart from initial lessons from his father, he was virtually self-taught.

 

Albert Sammons was born in Fulham, London, the second eldest of four children. His father was a shoemaker and good amateur violinist. Sammons started to receive some lessons from his father around the age of seven. His first professional engagement was in the band at the Earls Court Exhibition in 1898; the conductor was so impressed by the 12-year old that he made him leader. He left school at this time and became a professional musician - partly to bring extra income to the household, as his father was a compulsive gambler.

 

Sammons's father took both Albert and his eldest brother Tom to symphony concerts at St James's Hall and Queen's Hall. The boy began to gain a reputation for his reliability and was engaged by many London musical establishments, as well as in the 'Hungarian' and 'White Viennese' bands popular at the time. Sammons also received a few free lessons from the Eugène Ysaÿe-trained Spanish violinist Alfredo Fernandez. At 16, relations with his father reached a point where Albert and his brother left home to stay with friends, only returning when his father walked out to join the band on an ocean liner and the two brothers were obliged to provide for the rest of the family.

 

His first concerto performance was the Mendelssohn E minor Concerto at the Kursaal Concert Hall in Harrogate in 1906. He married Laura Tomkins in Middlesbrough on 31 October 1907 (divorced 1920). Around this time Sammons was recruited to play at musical parties for the upper classes at their country houses. In 1910, with cellist Warwick Evans, 2nd violin Thomas Petre and viola player H. Waldo Warner, he formed the London String Quartet. He was also engaged by Ernesto Bucalossi at the Waldorf Hotel and Wyndham's Theatre. It was at the Waldorf that Thomas Beecham heard him and in August 1909 offered him the position of sub-leader (soon to be leader) of his orchestra, which later included opera seasons at Covent Garden, and the 1911 Diaghilev season. He also consolidated his solo career by playing the Bruch Violin Concerto No. 1 with the London Symphony Orchestra at the Queen's Hall in 1910.

 

Sammons, William Murdoch (piano), Lionel Tertis (viola) and Lauri Kennedy (cello), founded The Chamber Music Players in 1921, giving their first private performance on 6 January of that year, and first public concert at Haverstock Hill, London on 13 January, and going on to give many concerts at the Wigmore Hall and around the UK.

 

He mainly appeared in the UK, although he did lead the Beecham orchestra for a six-week season with the Diaghilev company at the Kroll Opera House, Berlin, in 1913 and, having played under Pierre Monteux for the Diaghilev seasons, was invited to lead the orchestra at the Casino de Dieppe, giving two concerts a day, and extending both his orchestral and chamber music repertoire.

 

Sammons was particularly associated with the Elgar Violin Concerto which he first played on 23 November 1914, and made the first complete recording of it on 18 March and 10 April 1929 with the New Queen's Hall Orchestra conducted by Henry Wood, which displays "wonderfully assured portamenti carried as if on the breath of a great singer" and "immense structural strength". He estimated that he played the concerto over a hundred times, including at The Proms. He gave his last performance of the Elgar on his 60th birthday in 1946, with George Weldon conducting the BBC Symphony Orchestra. Among other concertos in his repertoire were those by Beethoven, Brahms, Bruch, and the Mozart G major.

 

In May 1915 a chance encounter in London with Frederick Delius led directly to the composition of a violin concerto in which Sammons probably assisted considerably even to the point of writing some link passages. On 13 July 1916 Sammons gave the first UK performance of the Violin Sonata of Claude Debussy, only six weeks after its Paris premiere. After the end of the First World War, Sammons all but gave up string quartet and orchestral playing in order to concentrate on a large, regular programme of solo work and chamber music recitals throughout Britain and Ireland, and later, broadcasts. He played a part in the rehabilitation of Fritz Kreisler, by presenting (along with Dame Nellie Melba) a laurel wreath at the Austrian violinist's first appearance in England after the war. Between May and the autumn of 1929 Sammons and Tertis carried out around 1,000 string auditions for the new BBC Symphony Orchestra.

 

He married Olive Hobday (the daughter of one of his accompanists) on 5 December 1921. Shortly after, they moved to Bognor Regis, in the same road as William Murdoch.

 

During the Second World War, he continued his busy concert schedule around the UK travelling by train, as well as appearing at the National Gallery concerts.

 

From 1946 Sammons spent less time playing and more teaching. As a teacher, he had worked at the Midland Institute in Birmingham from the 1920s but from 1939 he taught privately and at the Royal College of Music. His pupils included Alan Loveday and Hugh Bean. He became a Fellow (FRCM) in 1944.

He composed many short pieces for violin and piano, which he included in his recital programmes and recorded. A Cradle Song of 1915 is dedicated to his second daughter and the Lullaby of 1923 to the third, Colleen. His Phantasy Quartet of 1915 won the Cobbett Prize. He also made editions of others' works and published books of studies and exercises.

 

The onset of Parkinson's disease forced his retirement from public performance in June 1948. He attended a testimonial concert at the Royal Albert Hall on 7 December in a wheelchair, and heard a tribute from Sir Arthur Bliss, with others in the programme from Joseph Szigeti, Fritz Kreisler and Adrian Boult.

He died at Middleton-on-Sea on 24 August 1957, having lived in Bognor Regis since 1921.

 

His violins included a Gofriller (he bought another, 1696, Gofriller in 1927) and a Nicolas Gagliano. At the Cobbett competition in February 1923 he played in a 'blind' comparison of a 1731 Stradivarius and a modern instrument by Alfred Vincent. When Sammons sold the Gofriller in 1951 he gave the new owner a list of all the works he had played on it.

 

 

Premieres:

 

As leader of the London String Quartet (1910-1919):

23 March 1914, Ralph Vaughan Williams: Phantasy Quartet (1912)

4 November 1915, Frank Bridge: String Quartet No 2

16 June 1916, Sally in our alley & Cherry Ripe arranged by Bridge

12 June 1917, John Ireland: Trio in one movement

17 November 1916, Frederick Delius: String Quartet by (3 movements)

1 February 1919, Delius: String Quartet (4 movements)

26 April 1919, Edward Elgar: String Quartet and Piano Quintet (private performance)

21 May 1919, Elgar: String Quartet and Piano Quintet (public performance)

 

As soloist:

March 1917, Ireland: Violin Sonata No 2 (Sammons and William Murdoch)

21 May 1919, Elgar: Violin Sonata

1 May 1920, Eugene Goosens: Violin Sonata

7 October 1924, Delius: Violin Sonata No 2 (with Murdoch)

20 March 1925 Herbert Howells: Violin Sonata No 3

2 June 1930, Granville Bantock: Violin Sonata

20 January 1931, Goosens: Violin Sonata No 2

14 July 1933, Guirne Creith: Violin Sonata No 2

26 November 1940, Edmund Rubbra: Violin Sonata No 1

30 January 1919, Delius: Violin Concerto

19 May 1936, Creith: Violin Concerto (BBC studio performance)

26 February 1937 Stanley Wilson: Concerto for Violin and Viola (with Bernard Shore)

10 May 1942, George Dyson: Violin Concerto (with BBC broadcast)

 

Recordings:

 

Albert Sammons made his first recording in October 1908; his last was made on 16 April 1946 (Edmund Rubbra's 2nd sonata with Gerald Moore).

Other recordings (with dates) include:

Elgar: Violin Concerto (abridged October 1916, complete December 1929)

Bruch: Violin Concerto No. 1 (December 1925)

Beethoven: Violin Concerto (March 1927, unpublished, matrixes destroyed)

Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante (with Tertis) (September 1933)

Delius: Violin Concerto (September 1944)

 


О Гамильтоне Харти см. например

http://raritetclassic.com/load/4-1-0-292

 

The Hallé is a symphony orchestra based in Manchester, England. It is the UK's oldest extant symphony orchestra (and the fourth oldest in the world), supports a choir and a youth orchestra, and releases its recordings on its own record label, though it has occasionally released recordings on Angel Records and EMI. Since 1996 the orchestra has been resident at the Bridgewater Hall.

 

In May 1857, the pianist and conductor Charles Hallé set up an orchestra to perform at the Manchester Arts Treasures Exhibition, and the orchestra performed through October 1857. Hallé then decided to continue work with this orchestra as a formal organisation, and the orchestra gave its first concert under those auspices on 30 January 1858. The orchestra's home for the first part of its history was the Free Trade Hall. The orchestra was in financial trouble in 1861, when it performed only two concerts.

 

Hans Richter served as music director from 1899 to 1911. During his tenure, the orchestra gave the first performance of the Symphony No. 1 of Sir Edward Elgar.

 

In 1943, the orchestra was again in crisis, having diminished in size to 30 players. Over the next 27 years, from 1943 to 1970, the orchestra's next music director, Sir John Barbirolli, restored the Hallé to national prominence. Together, they made many recordings, including the first recording of Ralph Vaughan Williams' Symphony No. 8, of which they also gave the first performance. During Barbirolli's tenure, one of the most notable orchestra members was concertmaster Martin Milner, who served in that capacity from 1958 to 1987. Barbirolli regarded Milner as his "right-hand man" and once wrote in appreciation to him: "You are the finest leader I have ever had in my fairly long career."

 

Kent Nagano was principal conductor of the orchestra from 1992 to 1999. The orchestra moved from the Free Trade Hall to the Bridgewater Hall in 1996, as its primary concert venue. During his tenure, Nagano received criticism for his expensive and ambitious programming, as well as his conducting fees. However, poor financial management at the orchestra separately contributed to the fiscal troubles of the orchestra. The orchestra faced major financial problems during the late 1990s, including a GB£1.3 million deficit in 1998, to the point where the existence of the orchestra was threatened with loss of funding from the Arts Council and ultimately bankruptcy.

 

During 1997, there was an eight-month period when the orchestra had no executive director. However, Leslie Robinson then served for two years as chief executive after that period. Robinson began to implement changes to the orchestra to start to bring under control the orchestra's financial troubles. These included public fund-raising, which netted GB£2 million, cutting the number of people on the orchestra board in half, and reducing the number of musicians in the orchestra from 98 to 80.

 

Since 1999, the orchestra's chief executive is John Summers, and he continued Robinson's fiscal practices to restore greater financial security to the orchestra. In 2001, the Arts Council awarded the orchestra a GB £3.8 million grant to allow it to pay off accumulated debts and increase musician salaries, which had been frozen for 4 years.

 

In September 2000, Sir Mark Elder, CBE, took up the appointment of the orchestra's music director, having been appointed to the post in 1999. His concerts with the orchestra have received consistently positive reviews, and he is generally regarded as having restored the orchestra to high critical and musical standards. In 2004, Elder signed a contract to extend his tenure through 2010. In May 2009, the orchestra announced the further extension of Elder's contract to 2015.

 

One of the orchestra's recent ideas was to try to find alternative stage dress to the traditional "penguin suits", but this idea did not come to fruition. The orchestra has also begun to issue new CD recordings under its own label.

 

In March 2006, the orchestra was forced to cancel a planned tour of the United States because of the cost and administrative difficulties in obtaining visas for the musicians, a result of the tougher visa regulations intended to combat potential terrorist attacks.

 

The orchestra appointed its first-ever principal guest conductor, Cristian Mandeal, in 2006. He served in this post until 2009. In February 2008, the orchestra announced the appointment of Markus Stenz as its next principal guest conductor, starting in 2009. Past assistant conductors have included Edward Gardner and Rory Macdonald. Ewa Strusińska is the current assistant conductor of the orchestra, as of 2008, the first female conductor named to a UK assistant conductorship. The current leader of the orchestra is Lyn Fletcher. The orchestra's current head of artistic planning is Geoffrey Owen.

 

Notable premieres:

Edward Elgar, Symphony No. 1 (1908)

Anthony Collins, Threnody for a Soldier Killed in Action (1945)

William Alwyn, Symphony No. 1, (1949-1950)

William Alwyn, Symphony No. 2 (1953)

Ralph Vaughan Williams, Sinfonia antartica (1953)

Gerald Finzi, Cello Concerto (1955)

Anthony Milner, Variations for Orchestra (1959)

Thomas Adès, These Premises Are Alarmed (1996)

Gustav Mahler Das Klagende Lied (complete version) (1997)

Graham Fitkin, 'North' (1998)

Colin Matthews, 'Pluto,' an addition to Holst's The Planets (2000)

 

Principal conductors:

1858–1895 Sir Charles Hallé

1895–1899 Sir Frederic Cowen

1899–1911 Hans Richter

1912–1914 Michael Balling

1915–1920 Sir Thomas Beecham (musical adviser)

1920–1934 Sir Hamilton Harty

1939–1942 Sir Malcolm Sargent (conductor-in-chief)

1943–1970 Sir John Barbirolli

1972–1983 James Loughran

1983–1992 Stanisław Skrowaczewski

1992–1999 Kent Nagano

2000–present Sir Mark Elder

 

Max Bruch was born in Cologne on 6th January, 1838, in the same year as Bizet. He studied there with Ferdinand Hiller and Carl Reinecke. Extended journeys at home and abroad as a student were followed by a longer stay in Mannheim, where his opera Loreley was performed in 1863, a work based on a libretto by Geibel and originally dedicated to Mendelssohn, which brought him to the attention of a wider public. Bruchs first official appointments were as Kapellmeister, first in Koblenz (1865-67) and then in Sondershausen (1867-70), followed by a longer stay in Berlin and a period from 1873 to 1878 in Bonn, when he dedicated himself to composition. After a short time as director of the Sternscher Sangverein in Berlin, in 1880 he was appointed conductor of the Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, and he left England in 1883 to become director of the Orchesterverein in Breslau. In 1891 he moved finally to Berlin and took over master classes in composition, Respighi being one of his pupils. He retired in 1911 to devote himself to composition, and died in Berlin on 2nd October, 1920.

(Источник: http://www.naxos.com/composerinfo/Max_Bruch/27106.htm)

 

Max Bruch.

 

Concerto No. 1 for Violin and Orchestra in G Minor, op. 26:

 

1. Vorspiel. Allegro moderato

2. Adagio

3. Finale. Allegro energico

 

Albert Sammons, violin

 

The Hallé Orchestra of Manchester

Conductor: Hamilton Harty

 

Rec. December, 1925

 

(Партитура прилагается к материалу)

 


Категория: Аудио | Добавил: skass2007 | Теги: Sammons, Bruch, Harty
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